The Western Cape Liquor Authority (WCLA) manage the micro-manufacturing and sale of liquor in the Western Cape.
There are four types of liquor licences:
· Micro manufacturing on and off consumption – a licence for the micro-manufacture and sale of liquor for use both on and off the premises where the liquor is sold.
· Consumption on – a licence for the sale of liquor for use on the premises where the liquor is sold.
· Consumption off – a licence for the sale of liquor for use off the premises where the liquor is sold.
· Consumption on and off – in exceptional circumstances, a licence for the sale of liquor for use both on and off the premises where the liquor is sold.
In order to apply for a liquor licence in the Western Cape you will need the following documents, required by the WCLA:
· Completed application forms, typed on A4 size paper (NLA 1 form)
· A certified copy of your identity document
· If you’re not South African a copy of your passport and business trading permit
· The complete floor plan of your premises
· Site plans of the premises
· Description of your premises
· Colour photographs of your premises
· Written motivations to support your application
· Zoning certificate or a copy of a planning application submitted to the municipality
· Proof of payment of application fee
Your applications must be hand delivered, posted.
After submitting all your documents, you need to display a notice about your application to the public in English, Afrikaans and Xhosa.
If you receive any feedback for or against your application, you can give to the Designated Liquor Officer (DLO) within 42 days after you’ve put up your notice.
After completing the above, the Liquor Licencing Tribunal (LLT) will communicate their decision about your application.
It is important to know that you cannot apply for a liquor licence if you:
· Have been sentenced to jail, without the option of paying a fine, within five years prior to the application.
· Have been declared unfit to hold a liquor licence, within 5 years prior to your application.
· Were the holder of any liquor licence that was cancelled within a period of twelve months prior to your application.
· Are unable to pay your debts
· Have a mental illness
According to The Labour regulations Act everyone has the right not to be unfairly dismissed. Dismissal is fair if the specific person has reached retirement age; or the specific needs of the job are not being met.
Businesses large and small are under threat from increasingly aggressive and brutal ransomware attacks. Loss of access too critical files, followed by a demand for payment can cause massive disruption to an organisation’s productivity. But what does a typical attack look like? And what security solutions should be in place to give the best possible defense?
Ransomware – a brief introduction
Ransomware is one of the most widespread and damaging threats that internet users face. Since the infamous Crypto Locker first appeared in 2013, we’ve seen a new era of file-encrypting ransomware variants delivered through spam messages and Exploit Kits, extorting money from home users and businesses alike.
The current wave of ransomware families can have their roots traced back to the early days of Fake AV, through “Locker” variants and finally to the file-encrypting variants that are prevalent today. Each distinct category of malware has shared a common goal – to extort money from victims through social engineering and outright intimidation. The demands for money have grown more forceful with each iteration. And the financial consequences can be severe. The Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Centre reportedly paid 40 Bitcoins (R351 778) to regain access to its files, while the Kansas Heart Hospital despite paying an undisclosed sum, was faced with a second ransom demand and not given access to all of its files.
In this case Mrs. Mmeledi was dismissed for absconding from work without permission due to “premonitions from ancestors”. What this means was that she believed she saw visions from her ancestor telling her to pursue a course in traditional healing.
Lieutenant Colonel Andre Traut told News 24 on Friday that the circumstances surrounding the accident are being treated as a culpable homicide case. Read More
In the South African legal system we do not make use of different degrees of murder. Our criminal law regime differentiate between murder and culpable homicide. Murder can be described as the intentional killing of a human being. Culpable homicide, on the other hand, can be defined as the negligent killing of a human being.
Sometimes it is necessary for the law to punish people for acts they did not subjectively foresee. If someone acts in a manner that is objectively unreasonable, even though they believe otherwise, and the conducts leads to the death of another person, he/she is negligent and guilty of culpable homicide.
A Culpable homicide conviction, due to a motor-vehicle collision, can only be successful if the prosecution proves, beyond reasonable doubt, that the driver was negligent and that this negligence was the cause of, or contributed to, the death.
Marriage in community of property:
With this in mind we will deal with it under three headings, The Complainant, The Witness and The Accused
Crime is a constant and increasing blot on the landscape of the relatively new South African democracy. It affects all sectors of society and does not discriminate on grounds of race, gender, religion, political affiliation or economic status. Anyone who lives in South Africa has a fairly reasonable chance of having to interact, at some time, with the Criminal Justice System, either as a victim or witness, or maybe even as an accused person.